Ebola Virus Disease Symptoms, History, Outerbreak, Fact

Download PDF

What is Ebola?

Ebola is an infectious and a fatal disease recognized by fever and severe internal bleeding.  It is spread when the normal  person comes in contact with infected body fluids by an Ebola virus, also known as “Filovirus” whose normal host species are unknown. The symptoms are visible from 2 to 21 days after the infection. The virus mainly affects the immune system.

Symptoms of the Disease:

  • Weakness.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • High fever.
  • Headache.
  • Sore throat.
  • Joint and muscle aches.

Ebola is accompanied by Hemorrhagic fever, which affect many organs, it  damages the blood vessels, and the body is not able to regulate itself.. The term is usually applied for disease caused by Arenaviridae (Lassa fever, Junin and Machupo), Bunyaviridae (Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Rift Valley Fever, Hantaan hemorrhagic fevers), Filoviridae (Ebola and Marburg) and Flaviviridae (yellow fever, dengue).


Short History of Ebola Virus

 The term Ebola was named after the Ebola River in Zaire in 1976.The same year a large number of cases were reported in Sudan. The Ebola outbreak was contained with the help of the World Health Organization, the organization fumigated the medical equipment, and provided  with protective clothing.

The second major outbreak occurred   in the Democratic Republic of Congo more than 300 people in 1995.

In 2000, Uganda faced the the next major outbreak occurred in affecting more than 400 people.

In August 2007, 103 people were infected by a suspected hemorrhagic fever outbreak in the village of Kampungu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. On 17 August 2012, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo reported an outbreak of the Ebola-Bundibugyo variabilityin the eastern region.   The prime cause of the outbreak was tainted bush meat hunted by local villagers around the towns of Isiro and Viadana.

In March 2014, the major Ebola outbreak was reported by WHO in Guinea a western African nation; it is the largest ever documented, and the first recorded in the region. 826 people died because of it.

Recently  Ebola outbreak has killed more than 1,000 people in West Africa.

How the Virus Spread?

Infection occurs from the direct contact through broken skin and mucous membrane with blood or other body fluids like stool, urine, and saliva of the infected person.

The Disease has no Treatment, But Taking Precautions can Avert the Cause of Disease.

  • As the Tulsi plant is an herbal remedy to cure immune infection, therefore eating of the plant can safeguard you from the disease.
  • Use hot water and salt for bathing and drinking. It is a traditional vaccine for Ebola
  • Keep yourself and environment clean and hygienic.
  • Isolate the patient of Ebola as it is a communicable disease

How the Disease is Diagnosed?

The test is similar to that of cholera and malaria further oral fluid specimens can be tested to diagnose the fatal disease.

  • Antigen-capture enzyme-linked immune obsorbent assay (ELISA) testing.
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
  • Virus isolation

Leave a Comment