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What Is Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a broad term used to describe a group of chronic “palsies” -disorders that impair control of movement due to damage in the developing brain. CP usually develops by the age of 2 or 3 and is a non-progressive brain disorder. That means the damaged brain does not continue to worsen throughout the life.

Causes of Cerebral Palsy:

Congenital cerebral palsy is caused from brain injury during a baby’s development in the womb. It is present at birth; however, it may not be detected for months. Generally the cause of congenital cerebral palsy is unknown. Some possible causes are:

  • Infections during pregnancy that may damage a fetus’ developing nervous system-The infection include rubella (German measles), cytomegalovirus (a herpes-type virus), and toxoplasmosis (an infection caused by a parasite that can be carried in cat feces or inadequately cooked meat). Other undetected infections in the pregnant lady can also be the primary cause of developmental brain damage in the fetus.
  • Severe jaundice in the infant
  • RH incompatibility between mother and infant- During RH incompatibility the mother’s body produces antibodies that destroy the fetus’s blood cells. This leads to jaundice and damages brain cells of the fetus.
  • The physical and metabolic trauma on fetus and pregnant women.

Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy

Common signs of severe CP that are noticed after birth of baby are:

  • The child experiences problem while sucking and swallowing.
  • A weak or shrill cry.
  • Seizures.
  • The baby’s body is either very relaxed and floppy or very stiff.


Signs Visible During Child Growth

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